Safety, rich local cuisine, historical sights, preserved nature, crystal clean sea, Mediavel Festival, Dubrovnik Summer Festival and other happenings will convince you to visit Dubrovnik again.
Dubrovnik is positioned in the south most part of Croatia – southern Dalmatia, on Adriatic coast. It is purified with crystal Adriatic Sea and surrounded with Mediterranean nature that allows crickets song to be heard.
Population is just about 50 000 people (whole Croatia has 4,4 millions). Majority people are Catholics, minorities are Orthodox Serbs and Bosnian Muslims.
Mediterranean climate gives us hot and dry summers and calm winters. South wind “Jugo” brings bad rainy weather and “Bura” brings cold air from the north. In Summer light wind “Maestral” protects us from too high temperatures.
Average annual air temperature is 17 C, in August it’s 25 C. Summer sea temperature is about 22 C.
Founded in 7th century by Roman refugees fleeing Epidaurum (Cavtat). Dubrovnik was independent city and later republic from 7th till beggining of 19th century (abolished by Napoleon in 1804), with economy based on trade and navigation and had big trading fleet connecting East and West Europe. Despite Dubrovnik City Walls were one of the strongest fort systems in Mediterranean, because of Dubrovnik wise diplomacy almost noone tried to attack Dubrovnik in it’s long history.
As Dubrovnik was oriented towards sea, it’s harbour was vital part of town. In 8th century shipyards and arsenal were strong enough to provide secure and efficient trade routes on eastern Adriatic.
In 1991/92 Dubrovnik was badly damaged by Serb-Montenegrian army who wanted Croatia stay in Yugoslavia, which was transforming into “Great Serbia” led by Milosevic and other nationalists. The hardest attack happened on 6th December in 1991, Serbs and Montenegrians shelved Dubrovnik and even historical Old City and monuments with more then 1000 bombshells (mostly by mortar grenades, but with Russian origin anti-tank missiles and howitzer bombshells too).
That horrible attack happened after Serbs and Montenegrians were defeated by Dubrovnik and other Croatian defenders in close combat on mountain Srdj above Dubrovnik.
After Croatian international recognition in 1992 damaged buildings and old red roofs were carefully repaired and rebuilt so now you may hardly notice and casualties since 1991/92 (if you look carefully you may notice shrapnel wounds on some stone facades).
Regular plane connections Dubrovnik has with Croatian capital Zagreb (by Croatia Airlines and Dubrovnik Airline), with London, Bratislava, Budapest, Rome and Berlin. Low cost aircarriers SkyEurope and German wings fly here.
By ferry Dubrovnik is connected with Bari in Italy and with Rijeka (harbour city in western part of Croatian Adriatic, close to Italy).
If you enter Croatia by car, from Hungary, northern or southern Slovenia, highway will lead you 20km north from city of Split on croatian coast. When you take off the highway A1 you will not reach Split but continue towards Bisko and Sestanovac, where you get on Adriatic tourist road which will lead you to Dubrovnik.